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2023 State Tax-Free Muni Earnings in TurboTax, H&R Block, FreeTaxUSA

2023 State Tax-Free Muni Earnings in TurboTax, H&R Block, FreeTaxUSA

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[Updated on February 16, 2024 for 2023 tax filing.]

The earlier put up State Tax-Exempt Treasury Curiosity from Mutual Funds and ETFs coated tips on how to get state earnings tax exemption on the portion of mutual fund and ETF dividends which can be attributed to curiosity from Treasuries. This put up covers tips on how to do the identical on the portion of fund dividends attributed to muni bond curiosity.

Muni Bond Funds and ETFs

Traders in greater tax brackets typically spend money on muni bonds of their taxable accounts. Though muni bonds usually have a decrease yield than Treasuries and company bonds, they typically nonetheless pay extra after-tax when the investor is in a excessive tax bracket.

Most individuals spend money on muni bonds via muni bond funds and ETFs. The dealer reviews fund dividends attributed to muni bond curiosity individually in Field 12 on a 1099-DIV kind.

Your tax software program is aware of about this particular field. Whether or not you import your 1099 varieties or enter them manually, the tax software program will mechanically mark the quantity as tax-exempt for federal earnings tax.

Federal Tax-Exempt vs. State Tax-Exempt

It’s a unique story for state earnings tax.

How a state taxes muni bond curiosity varies by state. Some jurisdictions resembling Washington DC exempt curiosity from all muni bonds. Most states often exempt curiosity solely from muni bonds issued by entities throughout the state or in U.S. territories (Puerto Rico, Guam, Virgin Islands, and American Samoa). Some states have a reciprocal association — “We don’t tax curiosity out of your muni bonds in case you don’t tax curiosity from our muni bonds.”

It is advisable understand how a lot of the federally tax-exempt dividends on the 1099-DIV kind can be state tax-exempt. Your tax software program doesn’t understand it solely by the quantity on the shape.

The dealer provides a breakdown of the tax-exempt dividends by supply. It’s as much as you to find out how a lot of the federal tax-exempt dividends from every supply got here from state tax-exempt muni bonds.

Suppose you personal two funds in a taxable brokerage account that paid $2,500 in complete tax-exempt dividends as reported in Field 12 of the 1099-DIV kind. Your aim is to fill out a desk like this with the share of state tax-exempt dividends for every fund and calculate your complete state tax-exempt dividends:

Fund Complete Tax-Exempt Dividend % State Tax-Exempt State Tax-Exempt Dividend
Fund A $1,500 100% $1,500
Fund B $1,000 25% $250
Complete $2,500 $1,750

Whenever you give the end result to your tax software program, it then is aware of to exempt that portion of the federal tax-exempt dividends from state earnings tax.

State % from Fund Managers

Though the 1099-DIV kind and the dividend breakdown by funds are supplied by the dealer, you’ll need to get the quantity for the “% State Tax-Exempt” column from the managers of your mutual funds and ETFs.

Should you personal Vanguard mutual funds or ETFs in a Constancy brokerage account, you get this data from Vanguard, not from Constancy. Equally, in case you personal iShares ETFs in a Charles Schwab brokerage account, you get the data from iShares, not from Charles Schwab.

Google “[name of fund management company] tax middle” to seek out the data from the fund supervisor.

For example, the Vanguard doc reveals that dividends from Vanguard New York Municipal Cash Market Fund are 100% tax-exempt in New York in 2023, and 23.93% of the dividends from the Vanguard Tax-Exempt Bond Index Fund got here from New York muni bonds.

Vanguard

Vanguard publishes the data in its Tax Season Calendar. Search for “Tax-exempt curiosity dividends by state for Vanguard Municipal Bond funds and Vanguard Tax-Managed Balanced Fund.”

Constancy

Constancy publishes the data in Constancy Mutual Fund Tax Info. Search for “Tax-Exempt Earnings From Constancy Funds.”

Charles Schwab

Charles Schwab Asset Administration publishes the data in its Distributions and Tax Middle. Search for “2023 Supplementary Tax Info.”

iShares

iShares publishes the data in its Tax Library. Search for “2023 Tax Exempt Curiosity by State.”

State-Particular Necessities

Be sure you learn the advantageous print. Simply because a fund lists a proportion in your state doesn’t imply that the share of dividends from the fund is state tax-exempt. Some states have further necessities earlier than you possibly can declare the tax exemption.

For example, the Vanguard tax-exempt earnings doc consists of these footnotes:

California and Minnesota require funds to fulfill in-state minimal threshold to be exempt from state tax. The funds in Desk 2 don’t meet this standards [sic].

Illinois doesn’t exempt the portion of dividends from state or native obligations held not directly via a mutual fund.

This implies despite the fact that the desk reveals {that a} portion of the dividends from Vanguard Tax-Exempt Bond Index Fund got here from California muni bonds, California exempts none of it as a result of the fund didn’t meet the state’s further necessities. Should you dwell in Illinois, you possibly can’t declare any Illinois tax exemption on muni fund dividends, interval.

Tax Software program

It is advisable give the end result to your tax software program after you get the “% State Tax-Exempt” for every fund and calculate your State Tax-Exempt dividend with a desk like this:

Fund Complete Tax-Exempt Dividend % State Tax-Exempt State Tax-Exempt Dividend
Fund A $1,500 100% $1,500
Fund B $1,000 25% $250
Complete $2,500  $1,750

TurboTax

Should you enter your 1099-DIV kind manually, make sure the verify the field for added inputs to enter tax-exempt dividends in Field 12.

Until your tax-exempt dividends got here from a state-specific fund that’s 100% tax-exempt in your state, verify the field “I earned tax exempt dividends in multiple state” and break it down between your state and “Extra Than One State.” TurboTax will exempt the portion in your state in your state earnings tax return.

H&R Block

After you enter the tax-exempt dividends in Field 12 of a 1099-DIV kind, H&R Block asks you ways a lot of additionally it is state tax-exempt.

FreeTaxUSA

After you enter the tax-exempt dividends in Field 12 of a 1099-DIV kind, FreeTaxUSA asks you ways a lot of additionally it is state tax-exempt.

***

A lot of the work in calculating the quantity of fund dividends exempt from state taxes is in looking down the share of state tax-exempt earnings for every fund and ETF in your taxable brokerage account. Tax software program doesn’t understand it solely from the tax varieties.

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